FICTION-Fiction writing can be inspired by fact or based entirely on the fantastic. All works of fiction, regardless of their content, share certain basic elements.
*Characters-made-up people or animals in the story
*Setting-the time and location of the story
*Narrator-the one who tells the story
*Point of view-the perspective from which a story is
First-person point of view-the perspective of a character in a story
Third-person point of view-the perspective of a narrator outside the
*Theme-the message, moral of the story, life lesson
TYPES OF FICTION
*Novels-long works of fictionthey may contain subplots
*Novellas-works of fiction that are shorter than novels but longer than short
*Short Stories-brief works of fictionthey focus on one main plot
structured around a single conflict. Short stories are meant to be
read in one setting.
NONFICTION-deals with real people, events, or ideas; narrated from the
point of view of the author, who is a real person; presents facts or
discusses ideas; may reflect the historical context of the time period,
including references to major social and cultural information
TYPES OF NONFICTION
*Biographies-tell the story of someones life and are told from the
perspective of another writer
*Autobiographies and memoirs-tell the story of the authors life and
reflect the writers thoughts and feelings about events
*Letters-are written forms of communication from one person to another.
A letter may share thoughts, feelings and information
*Journals and diaries-are records of daily events and the writers thoughts
and feelings about them. They are meant to public or private.
*Essays and articles-are brief written works about a specific topic. The
Purpose of an essay or article might be to explain, persuade, or inform
*Informational texts-written documents commonly found in everyday life;
they include textbooks, applications, instructions, and articles