Common Core & Essential Standards
The Common Core State Standards are national standards in English/language arts and math. The Essential Standards guide the curriculum in other subjects across North Carolina. They took effect in the 2012-13 school year.
What are the Common Core State Standards?
They are standards for what students should learn in English/Language Arts and Math from kindergarten through 12th grade. Each year’s standards build on the previous year’s so that students graduate from high school ready for a career or college. The goals of the standards are to provide more rigorous instruction and a deeper understanding of content
Didn’t we have standards before 2012-13?
North Carolina has had standards for many years, but these are standards adopted by 45 states and the District of Columbia. Having similar standards across the country helps students be competitive nationally when they graduate from high school.
What about the subjects other than English/Language Arts?
North Carolina uses the Essential Standards in all other subjects. These are state standards that were used for the first time in 2012-13. They were written by North Carolina teachers, university professors and business leaders.
Who created the Common Core State Standards?
The standards grew out of conversations between state superintendents and governors across the country. These state leaders felt that they should work together on standards in these two subjects that are taught everywhere. The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Council of Chief State School Officers worked with education experts and experts in English/Language Arts to create the standards. The U.S. Department of Education endorsed the standards after the states developed them.
So this is a national curriculum?
No. The Common Core State Standards are not a curriculum at all – they’re standards. They say what students should know at the end of each grade, not how teachers should teach. Teachers and schools still have the freedom and flexibility to be creative and teach the way they think is most effective for their students.
How are the new standards different?
They are aligned with current college and work expectations, and they are benchmarked against international standards. They focus on higher-order skills such as critical thinking and problem solving so that students understand how they got to an answer, rather than rote memorization.
The standards are also more rigorous than what North Carolina has used in the past. Students are required to know more. For that reason, you’ll see test scores drop when they are released on Nov. 7. It doesn’t mean that students are learning less. It means that we’re expecting more from students. Think of an Olympic athlete. A gold-medal winning sprinter’s time from 1960 would be far slower than last year’s winner. The standard for elite performance has increased in athletics, and it has in schools, too.
Why the need for a tougher standard? Why do younger students need to think critically about something like math? Math facts seem the same as when I was in school.
Yes, math facts like “2+2=4” or “3x3=9” will always be true, and they remain part of the curriculum. But the world is changing, and we need to prepare students for the future and not the past. Students have to be ready to enter a world that we can’t predict, and higher-order skills are a necessity. Explaining how you get to an answer enhances those skills. And because the Common Core State Standards are like a staircase, building one year on top of the next, it’s important to teach even our youngest students how to think critically.
I’m still not sure what to think. What should I do?
Two suggestions. First, read the standards and see what exactly is expected of students. Second, talk to your child’s teacher or principal. They can also answer your questions.
These resources may also be helpful:
National PTA website:
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction – “READY:”
PARCC -- Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for Colleges and Careers