Metacognition is the knowledge of one's own thinking processes and strategies, and the ability to consciously reflect and act on the knowledge of cognition to modify those processes and strategies.
. Thinking about knowing...
. Learning about thinking...
. Control of learning...
. knowing about knowing...
. thinking about thinking...
. Knowledge and control of self. Knowledge and control of process
How Do We Learn?
The path to most effective learning is through knowing:
. Your capacity to learn. The process you have used successfully in the past. Your interest in, and knowledge of, the subject you wish to learn
All Learning is a process which settles into certain steps. There are four steps to learning:
. Begin with the past - what has your experience been about how you learn?
. Proceed to the present - what can you control and what is outside your control?
. Consider the process and the subject matter - what is the process or steps? How much do you know about the subject or related subjects?. Build in review - what did you do right and how could you have done it better? Were you disciplined in the process and the review? Did you succeed and did you celebrate success?L Learning Styles: Different ways of learning
. Visual Learners (learn through seeing...) - These learners need to see the teacher's body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. They tend to prefer sitting at the front of the classroom to avoid visual obstructions (e.g. people's heads). They may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays including: diagrams, illustrated text books, overhead transparencies, videos, flipcharts and hand-outs. During a lecture or classroom discussion, visual learners often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the information.
. Auditory Learners (learn through listening...) - They learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say. Auditory learners interpret the underlying meanings of speech through listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed and other nuances. Written information may have little meaning until it is heard. These learners often benefit from reading text aloud and using a tape recorder.
. Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners (learn through , moving, doing and touching...)Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through a hands-on approach, actively exploring the physical world around them. They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration.