• Sixth Grade
    6th Grade Essential Science Standards for North Carolina 


    Physical Science Strands (P)
    P.1Forces and Motion
    6.P.1Understand the properties of waves and the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light, and sound.
    6.P.1.1Compare the property of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light, and sound.
    6.P.1.2Explain the relationship among visible light, the electromagnetic spectrum, and sight.
    6.P.1.3Explain the relationship among the rate of vibration, the medium through which vibrations travel, sound and hearing.
    P.2Matter: Properties and Change
    6.P.2Understand the structure, classifications and physical properties of matter.
    6.P.2.1Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the atoms of other elements.
    6.P.2.2Explain the effect of heat on the motion of atoms and molecules through a description of what happens to particles during a change in phase.
    6.P.2.3Compare the physical properties of pure substances that are independent of the amount of matter present including density, melting point, boiling point, and solubility to properties that are dependent on the amount of matter present to include volume, mass and weight.
    P.3Energy: Conservation and Transfer
    6.P.3Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy.
    6.P.3.1Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using examples of conduction, radiation and convection and the effects that may result.
    6.P.3.2Explain the effects of electromagnetic waves on various materials to include absorption, scattering, and change in temperature.
    6.P.3.3Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators).
    EEarth Science Strands (E)
    E.1Earth in the Universe
    6.E.1Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures, and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe.
    6.E.1.1Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth, and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses.
    6.E.1.2Explain why Earth sustains life while other planets do not based on their properties (including types of surface, atmosphere, and gravitation force) and locations to the Sun.
    6.E.1.3Summarize space exploration and the understandings gained from them.
    E.2Earth Systems, Structures, and Processes
    6.E.2Understand the structure of the earth and how interactions of constructive and destructive forces have resulted in changes in the surface of the earth over time and the effects of the lithosphere on humans.
    6.E.2.1Summarize the structure of the earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density.
    6.E.2.2Explain how crustal plates and ocean basins are formed, move and interact using earthquakes, heat flow and volcanoes to reflect forces within the earth.
    6.E.2.3Explain how the formation of soil is related to the parent rock type and the environment in which it develops.
    6.E.2.4Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the lithosphere, maintaining soil quality and stewardship.
    LLife Science Strands (L)
    L.1Structures and Functions of Living Organisms
    6.L.1Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce.
    6.L.1.1Summarize the basic structures and functions of flowering plants required for survival, reproduction and defense.
    6.L.1.2Explain the significance of the processes of photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration to the survival of green plants and other organisms.
    6.L.2Understand the flow of energy through ecosystems and the responses of populations to the biotic and abiotic factors in their environment.
    6.L.2.1Summarize how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within food chains and food webs (terrestrial and aquatic) from producers to consumers to decomposers.
    6.L.2.2Explain how plants respond to external stimuli (including dormancy and forms of tropism) to enhance survival in an environment.
    6.L.2.3Summarize how the abiotic factors (such as temperature, water, sunlight, and soil quality) of biomes (freshwater, marine, forest, grassland, desert, and Tundra) affect the ability of organisms to grow, survive and/or create their own food through photosynthesis.

     Test Specification Weights for the MSL for 6th Grade Science


    Multiple Choice

    Constructed Response

    Physical Science
    P1.1, P1.2, P1.313% to 17%0%
    P2.1, P2.2, P2.318% to 22%0%
    P3.1, P3.2, P3.36% to 8%

    2% to 4%

    Earth Science
    E1.1, E1.2, E1.39% to 13%0%
    E2.1, E2.2, E2.3, E2.416% to 20%2% to 4%
    Life Science
    L1.1, L1.24% to 8%2% to 4%
    L2.1, L2.2, L2.39% to 13%2% to 4%
    Total % of Items84% to 92%8% to 16%
    Total % of Score Points77% to 83%17% to 23%
Last Modified on August 23, 2015