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    Components of Kindergarten Literacy

    Language Development

    Oral language, vocabulary, and other language concepts are crucial foundations for success in reading.  Children should have the opportunity to discuss experiences, make predictions, and discuss past events. 
              Teacher Directed Reading
    The purpose of this block is to teach reading comprehension strategies that will enable students to acquire, interpret, apply and evaluate text. Examples of comprehension strategies include: questioning, activating and connecting to background knowledge, visualizing and inferring, determining importance in text, and summarizing and synthesizing information. 

    Listening Skills

    Listening skills are important to a kindergarten literacy program.  Listening to stories helps familiarize children with the language of books and their patterns. 


    Letter/Sound Recognition

    Kindergartners should have opportunities to learn alphabet songs, match and sort capital and lowercase letters, and match pictures or objects with initial letter sounds. 

      Phonemic Awareness

    A key predictor of reading success is phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness is the understanding that words are made up of sounds.  It is also the ability to pick out and manipulate sounds in spoken words.

    Shared Reading

    Shared reading is when the teacher and students read an enlarged piece of text.  Shared reading provides a meaningful, whole-class reading experience, teaches the basic concepts of print, models strategies and skills for independent reading, promotes use of word-study skills, and introduces various types of books.

     Guided Reading

    Guided reading provides the children with the opportunity to work in a small group setting to learn reading strategies that will enable them to become independent readers. Students are developing book handling skills, concepts of print, understanding story structures and effective reading strategies.


    Children should have the opportunity of observing the teacher model writing in morning messages, journal entries, and predictable charts.  There also should be opportunities for shared writing where students and teachers interactively write.  Invented spelling is a powerful means of leading students to internalize phonemic awareness.

    Literacy Centers
      During literacy centers students work with purposeful and fun literacy activities.
    Literacy centers:
    1. Reinforce skills learned during shared reading.
    2. Introduce children to independent and partner work.
    3. Promote independent use of familiar strategies.
    4. Present skills in a fun and meaningful way.