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       Educational Strategies for the Classroom
    (Please note * These are General Strategies- use as a guide- every student is different
    and may need additional strategies to help them be successful in your classes)
     
       Instruction:
    • Establish Routines
    • Limit your use of sarcasm, idioms and jokes, define them as you use them
    • Post what you plan to do each day - Agenda
    • Make things more visual, less auditory - help students visualize
    • Post changes to schedule - meetings, assemblies, events, etc...
    • Show Videos or give Presentations/Lectures first, then engage students in answering questions or completing projects related to the video/presentation (difficulty with multitasking)
    • Be Flexible
    • Allow extra time to process the information presented

       Assignments:

    • Allow sufficient time for students to complete work - based on individual student needs
    • Assign a buddy to help with classwork
    • Encourage working in groups on group projects and assignments
    • Some students may need to partner up with the teacher and another student for group projects and assignments
    • Allow alternative assignments, based on student needs
    • Post assignments on your webpage, list on board or create handout
    • Provide Guides and Samples of the work to be done
    • Some students may need help using their time wisely to complete a  task - limited understanding of time concepts
    • Break Large Task Items down into Smaller Steps
     
       Writing:
    • Limit note-taking/writing task when possible (pirnt out notes, make presentations availible on your website)
    • Allow alternative Writing assignments
       Tests:
    • Use Word Banks
    • Limit T/F questions - involves inferences, students tend to be literal/concrete thinkers and have difficulty with inference
    • Provide Study Guides and Practice Tests - test their knowledge, not their ability to take a test
        Communication:
    • Communicate with parents on a more frequent basis - email, phone calls, newsletters, etc...
    • Do not rely 100% on the student to get messages home on his/her own, follow it up with email or a phone call
           
        Social Skills:
    • Use sticky notes with comments to quietly redirect students to what they need to do
    • Students may have limited social skills and may need your input at times in situations that arise in the classroom with other students who may not be as understanding
    • Encourage students to do "expected" behaviors in your class, if the student is not, then ask them to do what is expected


        Students need to be able to answer these 
       questions during class:

    • What Work?  (do they need to do)
    • How much work?  (how many things do they need to complete)
    • How will they know when they are finished? (what will they have to have completed to be done with an activity or assignment)
    • What will they do next? (post it on an agenda or give the student a sticky note with the info)
       Behavior Strategies
    • Do not take personally what a student does or says
    • Use redirection to guide students in doing what is expected in the classroom
    • Be flexible, the student can not
    • Be proactive 
      • become familiar with the antecedent to keep behaviors from occuring
      • become familiar with the plan in place
      • try out the plan several times before making changes
    • Be positive
    • Be consistent with expectations
    • Keep Class Rules Simple (example)
      • eyes on teacher
      • quiet
      • be still
      • hands free
      • listen
    • Be aware of sensory input (lights, noise, environment, etc...) that may affect the students behavior
    • Fire drills, Emergency Drills, Tornado Drills - may be difficult for students
    • Assemblies & Events may be difficult for students
    • "Down Time" and "Wait Time" are difficult