Literary Device Definitions:
Metaphor – comparing two unlike things without like or as.
“I am a rock” to make a point about me being strong.
Simile – comparing two unlike things using like or as.
“School is like a prison” to make a point about school.
Alliteration – repeating the first sound or letter.
“Peter, Paul, and Pam paid pennies for pencils.”
Symbol – a thing or icon representing an idea. The flag or the
dollar bill, for instance – respresenting the USA or value.
Personification - giving human qualities to non-humans.
“The sun smiles down on me”
Anthropomorphism – a special kind of personification, giving human qualities to animals.
Meter – the rhythm of a poem; the syllable count.
Ex: Iambic pentameter= 5 feet of unstressed, stressed
(10 syllables – a horse gallop of “da dum” or “u /” ):
u / u / u / u / u /
“Let me not to the marriage of true minds”
Free Verse - a poem without a regular rhythm or meter.
Repetition – repeating a word or phrase for emphasis. Rhyme is a specific form of this.
Onomatopoeia – sound words; Boom, bang, pow.
Imagery – painting a picture with words – used to make a mental image or sensory experience.
Internal Rhyme – rhyme within the line: “The good could
External Rhyme – end rhyme at the end of the poetic line (see enjambment).
Rhyme Scheme - A regular, repeating pattern in the end
rhyme, usually coded by letter. A Shakespearean sonnet
has a rhyme scheme of abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
Hyperbole – exaggeration: “I could eat a horse.”
Enjambment – continuing the thought or sentence past the end of the poetic line instead of ending the line with a period, and starting over.
Stanza – a poetic paragraph.
Couplet – two lines together, or possibly a two-line stanza, usually rhyming:
You are a lout
Quatrain – a four-line stanza (used in a ballad).
Ballad – a story-telling poem in four-line stanzas or quatrains; Narrative poemHaiku – A Japanese form using 3 lines: 5 syllables, 7 syllables, 5 syllables. Two images united in a third, usually about nature or using natural images.
Mood – the feeling that a literary work creates in the readerTone -- the feeling the author had for a text
Figurative Language – language not meant to be taken literally (ex: simile, metaphor, personification)
Literary Devices – all of these terms
Allusion – referencing another literary work within your own work in order to make a pointProse – paragraph writing