First Quarter-Ecosystems: Environments, Habitats, Adaptations, and Behaviors
Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in the changing habitats.
Molecular Biology: Food, Vitamins, Minerals, and Exercise
- Give examples of changes that are beneficial and some that are harmful
- Explain how animals meet their needs by using behaviors.
- Explain how humans can adapt their behavior to live in changing habitats (recycling, rain gardens, planting trees)
- Explain how differences among animals of the same population sometimes give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing in changing habitats.
Understand food and the benefits of vitamins, minerals and exercise.
Second Quarter-Earth in the Universe: Earth's Rotation and Phases of the Moon (New Moon, First Quarter, Full Moon, and Last Quarter)
- Classify substances as food or non-food items based on their ability to provide energy and materials for survival, growth and repair of the body.
- explain the role of vitamins, minerals and exercise in maintaining a healthy body.
Explain the causes of day and night and phases of the moon.
Earth History: Fossils and Earth's Surface
- Explain the cause of day and night based on the rotation of Earth on its axis.
- Explain the monthly changes in the appearance of the moon based on the moon's orbit around the Earth.
Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms.
Third Quarter-Matter, Properties and Change: Physical Properties, Minerals, and Rocks (Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous)
- Compare fossils to one another and to living organisms.
- Infer ideas about Earth's early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago.
- Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to erosion and weathering and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
- Compare the physical properties of samples of matter: (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire.
- Explain how minerals are identified using tests of the physical properties of hardness, color, luster, cleavage and streak.
- Classify rocks as metamorphic, sedimentary or igneous based on their composition, how they are formed and the processes that create them.
Fourth Quarter- Forces and Motion: Magnets and Electronically Charged Objects
- Explain how magnets interact will all things made of iron and with other magnets to produce motion without touching them.
- Explain how electrically charged objects push or pull on other electrically charged objects and produce motion.
Energy Conservation and Transfer: Forms of Energy (Light, Sound, Heat, Electrical, and Magnetic)
- Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change.
- Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed.