• First Quarter-Ecosystems:  Environments, Habitats, Adaptations, and Behaviors

    Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in the changing habitats.
    • Give examples of changes that are beneficial and some that are harmful
    • Explain how animals meet their needs by using behaviors.
    • Explain how humans can adapt their behavior to live in changing habitats (recycling, rain gardens, planting trees)
    • Explain how differences among animals of the same population sometimes give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing in changing habitats.
    Molecular Biology:  Food, Vitamins, Minerals, and Exercise

    Understand food and the benefits of vitamins, minerals and exercise. 
    • Classify substances as food or non-food items based on their ability to provide energy and materials for survival, growth and repair of the body.
    • explain the role of vitamins, minerals and exercise in maintaining a healthy body. 
     
    Second Quarter-Earth in the Universe:  Earth's Rotation and Phases of the Moon (New Moon, First Quarter, Full Moon, and Last Quarter)

    Explain the causes of day and night and phases of the moon.
    • Explain the cause of day and night based on the rotation of Earth on its axis.
    • Explain the monthly changes in the appearance of the moon based on the moon's orbit around the Earth.
    Earth History:  Fossils and Earth's Surface

    Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms. 
    • Compare fossils to one another and to living organisms.
    • Infer ideas about Earth's early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago.
    • Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to erosion and weathering and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. 
    Third Quarter-Matter, Properties and Change:  Physical Properties, Minerals, and Rocks (Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous)
     
    • Compare the physical properties of samples of matter:  (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire. 
    • Explain how minerals are identified using tests of the physical properties of hardness, color, luster, cleavage and streak.
    • Classify rocks as metamorphic, sedimentary or igneous based on their composition, how they are formed and the processes that create them. 

    Fourth Quarter- Forces and Motion:  Magnets and Electronically Charged Objects

    • Explain how magnets interact will all things made of iron and with other magnets to produce motion without touching them.
    • Explain how electrically charged objects push or pull on other electrically charged objects and produce motion.

     Energy Conservation and Transfer:  Forms of Energy (Light, Sound, Heat, Electrical, and Magnetic)

    • Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change.
    • Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed