• Fiction – A type of literature that is imagined by the author.

    Non-fiction – A type of literature in which an author writes about details that really happened.

    Antagonist -- The character who bring the conflict to the protagonist.

    Character -- A person or animal in a piece of literature.

    Conflict -- The problem to be solved in a story which the antagonist brings to the protagonist.

    Dialogue -- Words spoken by a character, conversation held by one or more characters.

    Plot -- The story or event in the story.

    Mood -- The emotional feeling you have when reading the text.

    Setting -- When AND where the story takes place.

    Tone -- The author’s attitude in a text.

    Flashback -- When the action of the story is interrupted by a scene from the past.

    Foreshadowing -- Hints in a text which tells the reader about something that is GOING to happen.

    Irony -- When something does not mean what it appears to mean “saying one thing and meaning another.”

    Dramatic Irony – when a situation in a text is understood by the reader but not by one or more characters in the story.

    Denouement -- The ending of the story, where everything is resolved. [conclusion]

    Exposition -- the beginning or introduction to a plot.

    Rising Action -- Events that begin after the conflict is presented leading up to the climax.

    Climax -- The moment when the conflict reaches its highest emotional point.

    Falling Action -- Events that occur after the climax.

    Protagonist -- The main character in a text.