Name:   Iris Mudd
    Subject: 8th Grade Science
                   Mountaineer Team
    Contact info: 703-4228
    E-mail:  iamudd@wsfcs.k12.nc.us
    MMS will be transitioning to Haiku as a resource for students and parents/guardians.  When this occurs, my information and resources will be available at my Haiku link:
    Students and parents/guardians will receive information on how to access the Haiku links for their teachers.  Make sure that you keep the login information you receive. 
    Mrs. Mudd and Rex
    Welcome to the 2016-17 school year.  I look forward to getting to know both my students and their parents/guardians. Hopefully everyone will make it to Open House so that we can meet, but also allow everyone to get important forms and information. I have a brief presentation prepared for parents/guardians and students to view on Open House night. I look forward to meeting you. :)
     In case you would like to know something about me, prior to teaching at Meadowlark, I taught 5 years at Northwest Middle School and 14 years at Southeastern Stokes Middle School.  I received both my graduate and undergraduate degrees at Eastern Kentucky University.  I have also been a National Board Certified Teacher for 15 years.  My students will discover very quickly that I love science and I love my students.  I have found that when teachers and parent/guardians work together for the good of children great things are accomplished.

    It is VERY important that parents/guardians, students and teachers work as a team if students are to grow as much as possible. Please check the Parent Portal on-line grade book to see how your child is doing in class. 
    Students are expected to write down homework assignments, project dates, etc. in their agenda books.  Please check to see that your child is recording homework each day.  Students and parents/guardians may check the Mountaineers team calendar to see projects, tests, homework, etc. that are assigned. When my Haiku is available, you may check my class calendar for special dates, assignments, etc. Students should also be reviewing information in their study binders at least 2 - 3 times a week. I greatly appreciate your feedback and support.  I also have my own website that students may use as a resource. 
    Please do your best to help your child be present in class.  If he/she must be out, work must be made up in a timely manner.  Make up work, when possible, will be in students' class files.  Students are responsible for coming to me to determine how work may be made up due to an absence.  Students may check with another student in class to get notes that may have been missed. It is VERY IMPORTANT that assignments be turned in on time.  Please check the Mountaineers Team page "Homework Calendar" for nightly homework assignments.
    Below, I have listed the Essential Standards for 8th grade science.  Please feel free to contact me with questions or comments.  The standards are listed in order as they are presented on the Department of Instruction (DPI) website. More specific information regarding the standards and clarifying objectives can be found in the "Documents" file on my website.  I have also prepared a PowerPoint for each of the standards.  Students may use this to review information and to also prepare for quizzes and tests.  The PowerPoints may be found in the "Classroom Documents" folder on my website.


    Matter: Properties and Change


    8.P.1    Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container.


    - Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements.


    - Explain how the physical properties of elements and their reactivity have been used to produce the current model of the Periodic Table   of elements.


    - Compare physical changes such as size, shape and state to chemical changes that are the result of a chemical reaction to include    changes in temperature, color, formation of a gas or precipitate.


    - Explain how the idea of atoms and a balanced chemical equation support the Law of Conservation of Mass. 



    Energy: Conservation and Transfer


    8.P.2  Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing and using energy resources.


    - Explain the environmental consequences of the various methods of obtaining, transforming, and distributing energy.


    - Explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and the importance of conservation.   


    Earth Systems, Structures and Processes


    8.E.1 Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans.


    - Explain the structure of the hydrosphere including:


                            • Water distribution on earth                                         • Local river basin and water availability


    - Summarize evidence that Earth’s oceans are a reservoir of nutrients, minerals,    dissolved gases, and life forms:


                                        • Estuaries                                • Behavior of gases in the marine environment                           

                                        • Marine ecosystems                • Value and sustainability of marine resources

                                        • Upwelling                              • Deep ocean technology and understandings gained


    - Predict the safety and potability of water supplies in North Carolina based on physical   and biological factors, including:


                                        • Temperature                          • pH                                                        • Turbidity

                                        • Dissolved oxygen                  • Nitrates and phosphates                       • Bio-indicators           


    - Conclude that the good health of humans requires:


                                        • Monitoring of the hydrosphere                                    • Maintaining safe water quality

                                        • Water quality standards                                               • Stewardship

                                        • Methods of water treatment                           


    Earth History


    8.E.2 Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms.


    - Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils from index fossils and ordering of rock layers (relative dating and radioactive dating).


    - Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, composition of sedimentary rocks, faults, and igneous rock formations found in rock layers as evidence of the history of the Earth and its changing life forms.  

    Structures and Functions of Living Organisms (1st quarter)


    8.L.1 Understand the structure and hazards caused by agents of disease that effect living organisms.


    - Summarize the basic characteristics of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites relating to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.


    - Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.




    8.L.2  Understand how biotechnology is used to affect living organisms.


    - Summarize aspects of biotechnology including:


                                                    • Specific genetic information available              • Ethical issues

                                                    • Careers                                                               • Implications for agriculture

                                                    • Economic benefits to North Carolina




    8.L.3 Understand how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment.


    - Explain how factors such as food, water, shelter, and space affect populations in an ecosystem.


    - Summarize the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences of such interactions including:


             • coexistence and cooperation        • parasitism            • competition (predator/prey)                 • mutualism


    - Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and oxygen).  


    Evolution and Genetics


    8.L.4 Understand the evolution of organisms and landforms based on evidence, theories and processes that impact the Earth over time.


    - Summarize the use of evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy to form the basis for biological classification systems and the theory of evolution.


    - Explain the relationship between genetic variation and an organism’s ability to adapt to its environment.  


    Molecular Biology


    8.L.5 Understand the composition of various substances as it relates to their ability to serve as a source of energy and building materials for growth and repair of organisms.


    - Summarize how food provides the energy and the molecules required for building materials, growth and survival of all organisms (to include plants).


    - Explain the relationship among a healthy diet, exercise, and the general health of the body (emphasis on the relationship between respiration and digestion).